RINGWORM: Worms don’t cause ringworm. Instead, this skin infection is caused by a fungus living off dead skin, hair, and nail tissue. Starting as a red, scaly patch or bump, it develops into itchy red ring(s) with raised, blistery, or scaly borders. Ringworm is passed on by skin-to-skin contact with a person or animal, and by sharing items like towels or sports gear. Most ringworm infections can be treated with antifungal creams that can be bought over the counter such as Daktarin.


IMPETIGO: A contagious infection usually caused by bacteria, impetigo causes red sores or blisters that can break open, ooze, and develop a yellow-brown crust. Sores can occur anywhere on the body but usually appear around the mouth and nose. Impetigo can be spread to others through close contact or by sharing items like towels and toys. Scratching can also spread it to other parts of the body. A prescription antibiotic cream is usually needed, ask your Burkes Pharmacist to advise you.


Heat Rash is the result of blocked sweat ducts, heat rash looks like small red or pink pimples. Appearing over an infant’s head, neck, and shoulders, the rash is often caused when well-meaning parents dress baby too warmly, but it can happen to any infant in very hot weather. A baby should be dressed as lightly as an adult who is resting; though their feet and hands may feel cool to the touch, this is usually not a problem.  Your Burkes Pharmacist can advice you on using Zirtek Liquid to treat and ease the symptoms.


Contact dermatitis is a skin reaction caused by touching a substance, such as food, soap, or the oil of plants like poison ivy, sumac, or oak. The rash usually starts within 48 hours after exposure. Minor cases may cause mild skin redness or a rash of small red bumps, while severe reactions can cause swelling, redness, and larger blisters. Contact dermatitis is usually mild and goes away when contact with the substance ends.  Your Burkes Pharmacist can advice you of suitable treatment available over the counter.


Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease (Coxsackie) is a common, contagious childhood illness that starts with a fever, then painful mouth sores and a non-itchy rash with blisters on hands, feet, and sometimes buttocks and legs follow. It spreads through coughing, sneezing, and used diapers, so wash hands often when dealing with coxsackie. Home treatment includes ibuprofen or Calpol and lots of fluids. Not serious, coxsackie usually goes away on its own in about a week.


Atopic Dermatitis is a chronic problem causing dry skin, intense itching, and a raised rash, some children outgrow atopic dermatitis (the most common type of eczema) or have milder cases as they age. In severe cases, this non-contagious rash forms clear, fluid-filled blisters. What causes atopic dermatitis isn’t clear, but those affected may have a personal history of allergies and asthma and a sensitive immune system.  Your Burkes pharmacist can advice you on choosing the right products from LaRoche Posay to help treat and ease the symptoms.


Hives (Urticaria)  occur as a rash or welts and are often itchy, or may burn or sting. They can appear anywhere on the body and may last minutes or days. Hives can signal serious problems, especially if accompanied by difficult breathing. Medications like aspirin or penicillin; foods like eggs, nuts, and shellfish; food additives; temperature extremes, and infections like strep throat can cause hives. Removing the trigger often resolves the hives.  Symptoms can be treated with Zirtek liquid.


Scarlet Fever is simply strep throat with a rash. Symptoms include sore throat, fever, headache, abdominal pain, and swollen neck glands. After 1-2 days, a red rash with a sandpaper texture appears, after 7-14 days, the rash sloughs off.  Scarlet fever is very contagious, but good hand washing can reduce its spread. Call your GP immediately if you think your child has it, and treat with antibiotics to avoid serious complications.